This section outlines, in the correct sequential order, each step that has to be undertaken by the project developer to build and register the PV plant.
Find available site, due diligence process on property documents. Sign site contract (usually area purchase or rental).
Developer, property owner, notaries.
30 to 60 days.
This action may be performed in parallel with “3. Grid Connection Permit”.
From 2016, projects developed for federal auctions must present at least 1 year of on site solar radiation measurement (Reference EPE document: “Generation Expansion – instructions for registration and requirements for technical approval to participate in Energy Auctions”).
Although these data are not required for projects that deliver into the free market, most financing banks expect to have accurate solarimetric data as well in order to go further with financing.
At least 12 months of field measurements + 60 days for the installation of the measuring equipment.
Consult the concessionaire in charge of distribution or transmission and Operador Nacional do Sistema (ONS) for connection feasibility. This permission, at this stage, does not grant or reserve physical connection to the project, as there may be other projects with the same connection solution, that is other projects requiring grid access from the same point.
Developer, concessionaire (distribution or transmission) and ONS.
This action may be performed in parallel with “1. Site Selection”.
Elaborate topographical study.
Technical project description containing project motivation, location and access, local infrastructure, solar resources and climate condition and general area description (e.g.: topography, vegetation etc.), technical information and equipment description, social and environmental impacts, O&M costs, technical drawings etc.
This step is only relevant for Solar Auctions in the regulated market, not for PPAs in the free market.
Projects must be registered at ANEEL according to Ordinance MME no 21/2008.
For Auctions under the regulated market (ACR), solar irradiation data and energy production must be certified by an independent company. Until 2015, solar irradiation data may be from a secondary source (e.g.: satellite historical measurements). From 2016 onwards, both certifications must be performed with at least 1 year of on site measurements.
In the free market case, financing banks also expect solar irradiation data and energy production to be certified by an independent consultancy.
Developer, Independent Certification Company.
To apply for environmental license, an environmental study has to be elaborated by an licensed expert. The initial environmental license for the implementation of projects is called “Licença Prévia”. Further information is available on this page.
Developer, Environmental Agency (State or delegated Municipal Agency, depending on the case).
120 to 240 days (may vary from state to state).